Video: 'World at War - Genocide' (July 24, 1944, at 1:34)
(Monday, July 24, 1944; part of The Holocaust during World War II) — Soviet forces liberated the Majdanek concentration camp on the outskirts of the city of Lublin in eastern Poland today, the first to be liberated from Nazi control.
In less than three years of operation, an estimated 78,000 prisoners, mainly Jews, had been murdered at the site.
(Monday, July 23, 1984) — Vanessa Williams, the first African-American woman to win the Miss America crown, gave up her title today in the first resignation in the pageant’s history after Penthouse magazine announced plans to publish nude photos of the beauty queen in its September issue.
(Tuesday, July 23, 1974) — The military rulers of Greece announced today that they had decided to turn the nation back to civilian political leaders. Konstantinos Karamanlis, the former conservative Premiere who governed from 1955 to 1963 before his self-imposed exile in Paris, returned to Athens and was sworn in as head of a new government of national unity.
Image: 'John Dillinger Shot Dead by Federal Agents - News Reel'
(Sunday, July 22, 1934, 10:40 p.m. CWT; during the Great Depression) — John Dillinger, America’s Public Enemy No. 1 and the most notorious criminal of recent times, was shot and killed at tonight by federal agents a few seconds after he had left the Biograph Theatre on Chicago’s North Side.
Video: '1944 Bretton Woods International Monetary Conference'
(Saturday, July 22, 1944; during World War II) – The Bretton Woods Conference concluded in New Hampshire today with an agreement to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
Video: 'The Battle of Atlanta'
(Friday, July 22, 1864; during the Atlanta Campaign, part of the American Civil War) — Confederate General John Bell Hood led an failed attack on Union troops today under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill in the Battle of Atlanta in Fulton County, Georgia.
Video: 'Democratic Convention Chicago 1944' (VP nomination at 1:32)
(Friday, July 21, 1944, evening CWT; during World War II) — Senator Harry S. Truman of Missouri was nominated tonight as the Democratic candidate for Vice President in the fifth and final session of the twenty-eighth national convention of the party, defeating incumbent Vice President Henry Wallace 1,031-105 after votes shifted on the second ballot. Continue reading
(Saturday, July 21, 1984) — “Legs” by ZZ Top at #8 on today’s Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for two weeks.
(Saturday, July 21, 1984) — “Romancing the Stone” by Eddy Grant at #26 on today’s Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for two weeks.
Video: 'Vietnam a Television History Episode 1' (July 21, 1954, at 55:03)
(Wednesday, July 21, 1954; during the First Indochina War, part of the Cold War) — France and the three associated states of Indochina signed armistice agreements with the Communists today that extended the Iron Curtain around North Vietnam, a land of 13 million.
The United States warned it would view “with grave concern” any revival of aggression violating the agreements.