FDR signs National Labor Relations Act 80 years ago today (July 5 1935)

Video: 'U1TV - Supreme Court Approves National Labor Relations Act' (case decided April 12, 1937)

(Friday, July 5, 1935, during the Great Depression) — The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, a foundational statute of US labor law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions, engage in collective bargaining for better terms and conditions at work, and take collective action including strike if necessary was signed today by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The act also created the National Labor Relations Board, which conducts elections that can require employers to engage in collective bargaining with labor unions (also known as trade unions).

Rhodes writes about his fifth 4th of July in the Army 150 years ago today (July 4 1865)

Video: 'Ken Burns The Civil War: Episode 9 The Better Angels of Our Nature (1865) |Ken Burns Docum' (July 4, 1865 at 37:57)

(Tuesday, July 4, 1865)Elisha Hunt Rhodes, an American soldier who served for the entire duration of the American Civil War, wrote today in Halls Hill, Virginia, about his fifth (and what would turn out to be his final) 4th of July holiday while serving in the Union Army.

‘Back to the Future’ opens in U.S. theaters 30 years ago today (July 3 1985)

Video: 'Back to the Future' trailer

(Wednesday, July 3, 1985)Back to the Future, a comic science fiction film about a young man who travels into the past and almost keeps his parents from getting married, opened today at Loew’s State in New York City and other theaters in the U.S.

Directed by Robert Zemeckis, the film starred Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd, Lea Thompson and Crispin Glover.