(Wednesday, February 27, 2002) — Alicia Keys won five Grammy Awards tonight for her debut album Songs in A Minor, including Fallin (Song of The Year). Walk On by U2 won Record of the Year and O Brother, Where Art Thou? by various artists won Album of the Year.
Video: Shanghai Communique comes together (at 3:44)
(Sunday, February 27, 1972, 9:12 p.m. EST) — U.S. President Richard M. Nixon departed China this morning (10:12 a.m. local time, Feb. 28, 1972) with a goodbye wave from a solemn Premier Chou En-lai in his gray tunic. Nixon and his wife Pat spent a week in China, an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
(Friday, February 27, 1942, during World War II) — The Battle of the Java Sea began today. Imperial Japanese naval forces would score a decisive victory over the Allies, sealing the fate of the Netherlands East Indies.
(Saturday, February 27, 1932) — The Japanese invasion of Manchuria ended today when Chinese General Chao Ting offered to cease hostilities, although combat by guerilla and irregular forces continued as Japan spent many years in their campaign to pacify Manchukuo.
(Thursday, February 27, 1902, shortly before 6:00 a.m. local time) — Australian soldiers Harry “Breaker” Morant and Peter Handcock were shot this morning by a British firing squad in South Africa for the murder of 12 prisoners of war during the dying days of the Boer War. Questions have since been raised as to whether they received a fair trial.
In six small engagements (through June 9), at Kernstown, McDowell, Front Royal, Winchester, Cross Keys, and Port Republic, Jackson tied down large Union forces in the Shenandoah Valley that otherwise would have been used—probably decisively, in a Union offensive against the Confederate capital at Richmond.