Daily Archives: May 5, 2015

West Germany becomes a fully sovereign state 60 years ago today (May 5 1955)

(Thursday, May 5, 1955; during the Cold War) — The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) became a sovereign state today when the United States, France, and Great Britain end their military occupation, which had begun with the end of World War II in 1945.

With Konrad Adenauer as chancellor (pictured above reading a paper), West Germany was given the right to rearm and become a full-fledged member of the western alliance against the Soviet Union.

Japanese balloon bomb kills pregnant woman, five children in Oregon 70 years ago today (May 5 1945)

Video: 'When Japan Bombed Oregon in WWII'

(Saturday, May 5, 1945; part of the American Theater of World War II) — A Japanese balloon bomb exploded on Gearhart Mountain in southern Oregon today, killing Elsie Mitchell, the 26-year-old pregnant wife of a minister, and five of their Sunday school students (aged 11–14) in the only fatal attack of its kind during World War II.

Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen-Gusen liberated 70 years ago today (May 5 1945)

Video: 'Nazi concentration camp in Mauthausen, Austria. HD Stock Footage'

(Saturday, May 5, 1945; part of The Holocaust during World War II) — The Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp, a large group of German concentration camps that were built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the city of Linz, was liberated today by American forces. Continue reading Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen-Gusen liberated 70 years ago today (May 5 1945)

Reagan leads wreath-laying ceremony at German military cemetery 30 years ago this hour (May 5 1985)

Video: 'Reagan at Bitburg May 5 1985) (Complete)' (coverage begins at 8:30 a.m. EDT)

(Sunday, May 5, 1985, 3:33 p.m. CEST) — U.S. President Ronald Reagan presided over a wreath-laying today at the base of a brick cemetery tower looming over the graves of nearly 2,000 German soldiers, including 49 SS troops.

Alluding to the controversy aroused by his visit to the cemetery, Reagan voiced regret in remarks at an American air base afterward that “old wounds have been reopened.”