(Saturday, July 31, 1965) — “What’s New Pussycat?” by Tom Jones peaked at #3 on today’s Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for two weeks.
(Saturday, July 31, 1965) — “Cara Mia” by Jay and the Americans peaked at #4 on today’s Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for one week.
(Saturday, July 31, 1965) — “Yes, I’m Ready” by Barbara Mason peaked at #5 on today’s Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for one week.
(Tuesday, July 31, 1945; during Potsdam Conference of World War II) — The atomic bomb nicknamed “Little Boy,” which would become the first atomic bomb to be used in warfare, was assembled today and ready for use against Japan the following day (click here for a clip of this event from “American Experience: Truman” at 2:08:54).
(Sunday, July 31, 1715) — A fleet of Spanish ships carrying gold, silver and jewelry sank today during a hurricane off the east Florida coast, scattering most of their treasure along the ocean floor. Of some 2,500 crew members, more than 1,000 died.
Video: '7/30/65: LBJ Signs Medicare Bill'
(Friday, July 30, 1965, 2:55 p.m. CDT) — U.S. President Lyndon Johnson flew to Independence, Missouri, today and signed into law Medicare, a national social insurance program for Americans aged 65 and older who have worked and paid into the system, in a moving tribute to former President Harry S. Truman. Continue reading President Johnson signs Medicare bill 50 years ago this hour (July 30 1965)
Video: 'Jimmy Hoffa - The Real Truth (CONSPIRACY OCCULT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)' (July 30, 1975, at 12:28)
(Wednesday, July 30, 1975, at, or sometime after, 2:45 p.m. EDT) — Former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa, one of the most influential American labor leaders of the 20th century, disappeared today from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox Restaurant in Bloomfield Township, an affluent suburb of Detroit (although presumed dead, his remains have never been found).
Video: 'Interview with Dibbs Mather The Beatles BBC unreleased Interview'
(Friday, July 30, 1965) — The Beatles were interviewed today by Dibbs Mather today for a BBC Transcription Service disc titled The Beatles during rehearsals for a live TV broadcast scheduled for Sunday, Aug. 1, 1965, from Saville Theatre in London.
Video: 'STS-51F launch, abort & landing (7-29-85)'
(Monday, July 29, 1985, 21:00:00 UTC) — The space shuttle Challenger began an 8-day mission today that got off to a shaky start: the spacecraft achieved a safe orbit even though one of its main engines shut down prematurely after lift-off.
It was the first major malfunction during ascent in the 19 flights of the shuttle program.