(Friday, August 10, 1917, early afternoon; during World War I) — Herbert Hoover was named formally as the first director of the U.S. Food Administrationtoday by President Woodrow Wilson, under authority invested in him by Congress, and immediately served notice on speculators and profiteers that the time of reckoning had come for those who would not cooperate in the efforts of the government to obtain lower prices for the consumer and help the allies of America in the war against Germany.
(Tuesday, July 17, 1917; during World War I) — By royal proclamation, King George V, back in London for three days now after a 12-day tour of the Western Front, changed the name of the British Royal Family today from the German Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (a branch of the House of Wettin) to the English Windsor, due to anti-German sentiment in the British Empire.
Video: 'The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century - Slaughter' (June 7, 1917, at 47:00)
(Thursday, June 7, 1917, 3:10 a.m. CEST; on the Western Front during World War I) —
The Battle of Messines opened today as the British Second Army, under the command of General Sir Herbert Plumer, detonated 19 ammonal mines under the German lines near the village of Messines in West Flanders, Belgium, killing 10,000 in the deadliest deliberate non-nuclear man-made explosion in history.