Video: 'Japanese war criminals go on trial in Tokyo Newsreel PublicDomainFootage.com'
(Monday, April 29, 1946, during the International Military Tribunal for the Far East) — Former Japanese Prime Ministers Hideki Tojo (1941–44), Kiichiro Hiranuma (1939), Koki Hirota (1936–37) and Kuniaki Koiso (1944–45), and 24 co-defendants were indicted today in Tokyo for war crimes, ranging from the murder of thousands of Americans at Pearl Harbor, to conspiracy “to secure military, naval, political and economic domination of the whole world.”
All of the surviving members of Tojo’s cabinet members were included in the 55 count indictment.
Video: 'Homma Sentenced For War Crimes (1940-1949)'
(Wednesday, April 3, 1946, 1:00 a.m. Manila time) — Lieut. Gen. Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander held responsible for the Bataan Death March that killed 17,200 American and Filipino captives, was executed by firing squad today outside Manila.
(Thursday, March 9, 1916, 3:30 p.m. CET; during World War I) — Germany this afternoon declared war on Portugal, which had earlier this year honored its alliance with Great Britain by seizing German ships anchored in Lisbon’s harbor.
(Thursday, February 19, 1976) — Calling the issuing of Executive Order 9066 “a sad day in American history,” President Gerald R. Ford issued a proclamation today confirming that the order had been terminated with the formal cessation of hostilities of World War II.
(Thursday, January 3, 1946, 9:00 a.m. GMT) — William Joyce, the 39-year-old pro-Nazi radio propagandist known as “Lord Haw-Haw,” was hanged today at Wandsworth Prison in south London for high treason, unrepentant and defiant to the end.
Video: '1914~1918. A BBC History of the Great War: 3. Total War' (Dec. 26, 1915, at 15:27)
(Sunday, December 26, 1915, during World War I) — Vera Brittain, a 21-year-old nurse in the British Red Cross who would become a famous author and feminist after the war, was informed today that her fiancé Roland Leighton, who had been given Christmas leave, had died Dec. 23, 1915, of wounds sustained in battle at the Western Front in France.
(Friday, December 21, 1945, 5:50 p.m. CET) — General George S. Patton Jr., one of the most vivid figures among Allied combat leaders in World War II, died today in Heidelberg, Germany, 12 days after being seriously injured in a car accident. Patton was 60.
(Thursday, December 20, 1945) — More than three months after the end of World War II, the end of tire rationing (effective Jan. 1, 1946), was ordered today by the Office of Price Administration, but the public was warned that this did not mean that tires would be “plentiful.”