(Thursday, May 31, 1962, 11:58 p.m. local time) — Former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann, 56, was was hanged at a prison in Ramla, Israel tonight for his role in the Holocaust during World War II. Eichmann’s remains were cremated, the ashes scattered in the Mediterranean Sea the next morning, June 1.
(Tuesday, May 30, 1922) — The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., was dedicated today in a ceremony attended by President Warren G. Harding and Lincoln’s only remaining son, 79-year-old Robert Todd Lincoln. William H. Taft, Chief Justice of the United States, former President of the United States and the Lincoln Memorial Commission president – dedicated the memorial and presented it to Harding, who accepted it on behalf of the American people (click here to watch video of the May 30, 1922, ceremony).
(Saturday, May 29, 1982) — Wake Up Little Susie by Simon and Garfunkel peaked at #27 on today’s Billboard’s Hot 100 singles chart for two weeks. It was the duo’s 15th and final top 40 hit (1966-1982) on the chart.
(Monday, May 29, 1972, during the Cold War) — President Richard Nixon landed at Kiev’s Boryspil International Airport one hour late today after an engine failed to start on the plane which his Russian hosts had provided him for the trip from Moscow. It was Nixon’s last stop on the first visit by a sitting U.S. president to the Soviet Union.
(Tuesday, May 29, 1962) — Composer Henry Mancini walked away with five awards tonight, all from his score for the movie Breakfast At Tiffany’s, including Record of the Year and Song of the Year for Moon River, at the 4th Grammy Awards held in Chicago, Los Angeles and New York. Judy Garland won Album of the Year (other than classical) for Judy at Carnegie Hall and Best New Artist went to Peter Nero.
(Friday, May 29, 1942) — Yankee Doodle Dandy, a biographical musical film about George M. Cohan, known as “The Man Who Owns Broadway,” premiered tonight during a war-bonds benefit at the Hollywood Theatre in New York.