Daily Archives: May 27, 2012

First African-American awarded Navy Cross for bravery during Pearl Harbor attack 70 years ago today (1942)

(Wednesday, May 27, 1942, during World War II) — Navy Cook 3rd Class Doris “Dorie” Miller became the first African-American to receive the Navy Cross today for his “extraordinary courage and disregard for his own personal safety” during Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, the Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, presented to Miller on board aircraft carrier Enterprise for his extraordinary courage in battle.

Nazi leader Heydrich fatally injured during attack in Prague 70 years ago this hour (1942)

Video: Heydrich assassination attempt (at 0:54)

(Wednesday, May 27, 1942, 10:30 a.m. local time, during World War II) — SS leader Reinhard Heydrich, in overall charge of the Final Solution and the Holocaust of the Jews in Europe, was fatally injured this morning while on his daily commute by Czechoslovakian commandos as part of Operation Anthropoid. Heydrich would die from his injuries eight days later on June 4, 1942. The Nazis retaliated with mass executions.