(Saturday, September 1, 1923, 11:58:44 a.m. JST/2:58:44 UTC) — The Great Kanto earthquake today devastated Tokyo and Yokohama, killing an estimated 142,807 people, but according to a Japanese construction research center report in 2005, 105,000 are confirmed dead.
(Thursday, September 1, 1983, 3:36 a.m. Tokyo time, Wednesday, August 31, 1983, 18:36 UTC, 2:36 p.m. EDT; during the Cold War) — Korean Air Lines Flight 007 was shot down today by a Soviet Union Su-15 interceptor near Moneron Island when the commercial aircraft entered Soviet airspace. All 269 on board were killed including U.S. Congressman Larry McDonald.
(Thursday, August 30, 1973) — Rolling Stonereported today that the surviving members of The Doors (lead singer Jim Morrison had died July 3, 1971) had broken up and that keyboardist Ray Manzarek was putting together a new band.
(Friday, August 30, 1963) — The Moscow–Washington hotline, which was created as a result of the Cuban Missile Crisis to reduce the risk of accidental war, began operations today as the U.S. Department of Defense made a one-sentence announcement to the world press: “The direct communication link between Washington and Moscow is now operational.”
Video: 'The Beatles Mersey Sound 1963' (Aug. 30, 1963, 6:14-6:39/7:42-7:51)
(Friday, August 30, 1963) — Ringo Starr and George Harrison of The Beatles were filmed today leaving Ringo’s flat and greeting women at a lady’s hairdressing salon, wrapping up their appearances for the BBC documentary “The Mersey Sound.”
(Sunday, August 21, 1983, 2:32 a.m. EDT) — Guion Bluford, 40, became the first African-American in space today aboard Space Shuttle Challenger on the STS-8 mission following a 17-minute delay due to thunderstorms near the launch site.