(Tuesday, January 27, 1756) — Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era, was born Johann Chrysostomus Wolfgang Amadeus today at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg, Austria.
He was the seventh child of Leopold Mozart, a musician of the Salzburg Royal Chamber, and Anna Maria, née Pertl.
(Wednesday, April 17, 1521) — Martin Luther, a German priest and professor of theology who initiated the Protestant Reformation, went before the Diet of Worms to face charges stemming from his religious writings. He was later declared an outlaw by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
(Thursday, April 5, 1621) — The Mayflower, the ship that transported the English Separatists, better known as the Pilgrims, to Plymouth, Massachusetts, sailed today from Plymouth Colony in present-day Massachusetts on a monthlong return trip to England.