(Tuesday, June 28, 1836, 6:00 a.m. local time) — James Madison, the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817), hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights, died today at his plantation estate Montpelier near Orange, Virginia, of heart failure. Madison was 85.
(Thursday, April 21, 1836, 4:30 p.m. local time; during the Texas Revolution) — An army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans today in the Battle of San Jacinto near modern La Porte, Texas, assuring Texas independence.
Video: 'THE ALAMO: THE REAL STORY (WILD WEST HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)' (Mar 1, 1836, at 53:01)
(Sunday, March 6, 1836, at approximately 5:00 a.m. local time; during the Battle of the Alamo, part of the Texas Revolution) — The Alamo, a former Franciscan mission located near the present-day city of San Antonio, Texas, fell today to Mexican forces after a 13-day siege; 185–260 Texan settler soldiers had died in a struggle with approximately 1,800 Mexican soldiers.
Video: 'THE ALAMO: THE REAL STORY (WILD WEST HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)' (Feb. 23, 1836, at 40:56)
(Tuesday, February 23, 1836, at approximately 2:30 p.m. local time; during the Battle of the Alamo, part of the Texas Revolution) — A Mexican force numbering in the thousands and led by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna today began a siege of the Alamo, a former Franciscan mission located near the present-day city of San Antonio.
(Friday, October 2, 1835) — The first battle of the Texas Revolution, the Battle of Gonzales, took place today as American settlers fought Mexican soldiers near the Guadalupe River; the Mexicans ended up withdrawing.