Video: 'The Caning Of Charles Sumner - TheBlazeTV - REAL HISTORY - 2013.01.25'
(Tuesday, May 22, 1856, afternoon local time) — Congressman Preston Brooks, a pro-slavery Democrat from South Carolina, beat Senator Charles Sumner, a Republican abolitionist from Massachusetts, with a walking cane today in the hall of the United States Senate in retaliation for a speech Sumner had made two days earlier attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas (“Bleeding Kansas”).
Sumner is unable to return to duty for 3 years while he recovers; Brooks becomes a hero across the South.
(Tuesday, May 30, 1854) — U.S. President Franklin Pierce today signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, allowing people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
Video: Vice-Presidents of the United States (Marshall at 2:20)
(Tuesday, March 14, 1854) — Thomas R. Marshall, the 28th Vice President of the United States, was born today in North Manchester, Indiana. The future Governor of Indiana would serve as vice president under President Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, from 1913 to 1921.
Video: 'Gadsden Purchase - Manifest Destiny Choose Your Own Adventure'
(Friday, December 30, 1853) — The United States and Mexico signed a treaty today under which the U.S. agreed to buy some 45,000 square miles of land from Mexico for $10 million in a deal known as the Gadsden Purchase.
(Monday, April 18, 1853) — William R. King, the 13th Vice President of the United States, died today in Selma, Dallas County, Alabama of tuberculosis after only 45 days in office. Following King’s death at age 67, the office of Vice-President was vacant for four years, until March 4, 1857, when John C. Breckinridge was inaugurated.