Video: 'Korean War - PART 28, End of the War, 6.25' (exchange begins at 0:53)
(Monday, April 20, 1953; during the Korean War, part of the Cold War) — 100 United Nations soldiers, including 30 Americans, were freed from communist captivity today as the opponents in the Korean War began the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners under a recently negotiated agreement.
(Saturday, April 11, 1953) — Oveta Culp Hobby today became the first secretary (and second female to serve in the Cabinet) of the new Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, which later became the Department of Health and Human Services.
Video: 'Dag Hammarskjöld sworn in as UN Secretary-General (1953)'
(Friday, April 10, 1953, 3:13 p.m. EST) — Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden today became the second Secretary General in the seven-and-a-half-year history of the United Nations. A few minutes later he gave his concept of the work of the United Nations: “Reconciliation and realistic construction.” Continue reading →
(Friday, April 10, 1953) — House Of Wax, a horror film about a vengeful sculptor who rebuilds his fire-destroyed showplace by using human victims as wax figures, premiered today at the Paramount in New York City. It was the first 3-D color feature from a major American studio.
Directed by André de Toth, the film starred Vincent Price, Frank Lovejoy, Charles Bronson, Carolyn Jones and Phyllis Kirk.
(Friday, April 3, 1953) — TV Guide, a weekly American magazine with listings of TV shows, was published for the first time today, with 10 editions and a circulation of 1,562,000.
The cover featured a photograph of Lucille Ball’s newborn son Desi Arnaz, Jr. A small photo of Lucy was also placed in the top corner under the title of the issue which read: “Lucy’s $50,000,000 baby.”
(Tuesday, March 31, 1953) — Fear and Desire, a military action/adventure film about four soldiers trapped behind enemy lines who must confront their fears and desires, arrived today at the Guild Theatre in New York City.
Directed by Stanley Kubrick (his first feature film), the movie starred Frank Silvera, Kenneth Harp, Paul Mazursky, Steve Coit and Virginia Leith.
Video: 'Korean War - PART 28, End of the War, 6.25' (at 0:42-0:53)
(Saturday, March 28, 1953; during the Korean War, part of the Cold War) — The Chinese and North Korean Communist commanders accepted today a long-standing United Nations proposal for an immediate exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war by both sides in Korea, and at the same time proposed immediate resumption of suspended armistice talks.
(Saturday, March 21, 1953) — “(How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window?” by Patti Page was the #1 song on today’s Billboard Best Sellers in Stores chart for the first of eight weeks (March 21/28, April 4/11/18/25, May 2/9, 1953).
(Thursday, March 19, 1953, 10:30 p.m. EST) — The Greatest Show On Earth won two Oscars tonight at the 25th Academy Awards, including Best Picture. John Ford won Best Director for The Quiet Man, Gary Cooper won Best Actor for High Noon and Shirley Booth won Best Actress for Come Back, Little Sheba. Continue reading →
(Thursday, March 5, 1953, 1:50 p.m. EST) — Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, a communist who executed hundreds of thousands of his citizens in the Great Purge and led his nation to victory over Nazi Germany and Japan during World War II and the Cold War afterwards, died of a massive stroke tonight after three decades in power.