(Thursday, January 6, 1955, 12:30 p.m. EST; during the Cold War) — In his annual State of the Union address, U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower laid his legislative program before the new Democratic-controlled Congress today with a plea for harmony and a solemn warning that this is a year of trial in the world’s wavering course toward durable peace or atomic holocaust.
Video: 'Remembering Marvin Miller,Joseph Murray, Earl Carroll'
(Thursday, December 23, 1954, 11:15 a.m. EST) — The first successful human kidney transplant took place today at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston as a surgical team led by Dr. Joseph Murray removed a kidney from 23-year-old Ronald Herrick and implanted it in Herrick’s twin brother, Richard, who was dying of chronic nephritis.
Because the donor and recipient were identical twins, tissue rejection was not an issue. Richard Herrick lived until 1962; Ronald Herrick died in 2010.
Video: 'December 21, 1954 - Senator John F. Kennedy recovering from spinal operations'
(Tuesday, December 21, 1954) — Senator John F. Kennedy was taken by stretcher to a special plane today so he could be flown from the New York Hospital for Special Surgery to the Kennedy home in Palm Beach, Florida, more than two months after undergoing a spinal operation.
(Saturday, December 4, 1954) — James McLamore and David Edgerton opened the first Burger King stand today at 3090 NW 36th Street in Miami.
(Saturday, December 4, 1954) — “Mr. Sandman” by The Chordettes was the #1 song on today’s Billboard Best Sellers in Stores chart for seven consecutive weeks (Dec. 4/11/18/25, 1954, Jan. 1/8/15, 1955).
Video: 'Senator Joe McCarthy Response To Censure'
(Thursday, December 2, 1954, 5:03 p.m. EST; during the Second Red Scare and the Cold War) — The United States Senate voted 67 to 22 today to censure Sen. Joseph McCarthy of (R-Wisconsin) for “conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute.”
Video 'Woman Struck by Meteorite | Smarter Every Day 84'
(Tuesday, November 30, 1954, 1:00 p.m. local time) — The Hodges Meteorite crashed through a roof today and struck a woman taking an afternoon nap In Sylacauga, Alabama, in the only documented case of a human being hit by a rock from space.
Video: 'Rosemary Clooney - Mambo Italiano - 1954 originals'
(Thursday, November 18, 1954) — ABC radio and TV today banned “Mambo Italiano,” a hit by Rosemary Clooney, for so-called “offensive lyrics,” most likely due to the exaggerated Italian vernacular, including the words “goombah” and “gidrool.”