(Monday, April 19, 1897) — Theodore Roosevelt, the 38-year-old newly appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy by President William McKinley, arrived in Washington today and qualified in his new office.
Video: 'PBS LBJ Part 1' (1937 campaign at 4:45)
(Saturday, April 10, 1937) — Youthful Lyndon B. Johnson, who shouted his advocacy of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court all over Texas’ 10th congressional district, was elected today to the seat in Congress that covered Austin and the surrounding hill country. Continue reading Johnson, backing Roosevelt’s court plan, wins seat in Congress in Texas election 80 years ago #OnThisDay #OTD (Apr 10 1937)
Video: 'WILSON ASKS CONGRESS TO DECLARE WAR 1917'
(Friday, April 6, 1917, 1:18 p.m. local time; during World War I) — War came to the United States this afternoon — war by the government and people against the Imperial German Government — as President Woodrow Wilson signed the congressional resolution declaring that “the state of war which has thrust upon the United States, is hereby formally declared.” Continue reading U.S. formally declares war on Germany, enters World War I 100 years ago this hour #OnThisDay #OTD (Apr 6 1917)
(Wednesday, April 4, 1917, 11:11 p.m. local time; during World War I) — Two days after U.S. President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany, saying, “The world must be made safe for democracy,” the U.S. Senate tonight voted 82-6 in favor of declaring war against Germany. Continue reading U.S. Senate votes 82-6 for war against Germany 100 years ago this hour #OnThisDay #OTD (Apr 4 1917)
Video: 'David Frost confronts Richard Nixon on Watergate scandal'
(Wednesday, March 23, 1977) — The Nixon Interviews, a series of interviews of former U.S. President Richard Nixon (his first since resigning in August 1974) conducted by British journalist David Frost for a total of 28 hours and 45 minutes, began today in Monarch Bay, California, for broadcast on television in four programs beginning May 5, 1977. Continue reading David Frost begins interviewing former President Nixon 40 years ago #OnThisDay #OTD (Mar 23 1977)
Video: 'The Loyalty Program'
(Friday, March 21, 1947, during the Cold War) — Against his own better judgment, U.S. President Harry S. Truman today signed Executive Order 9835, sometimes known as the “Loyalty Order,” making the political beliefs of every federal employee subject to investigation by the FBI in order to root out communist influence in the U.S. federal government (click here for a clip about this event from “American Experience: Truman” at 2:50:28). Continue reading President Truman establishes federal employee loyalty program 70 years ago #OnThisDay #OTD (Mar 21 1947)
Video: '#22 Grover Cleveland'
(Saturday, March 18, 1837) — Grover Cleveland, the 22nd (1885-1889) and 24th President of the United States (1889-1893), was born Stephen Grover Cleveland today in Caldwell, New Jersey. Continue reading U.S. President Grover Cleveland born in Caldwell, New Jersey 180 years ago #OnThisDay #OTD (Mar 18 1837)
Video: '26-Year-Old Ronald Reagan in Hollywood 1937'
(Monday, March 15, 1937) — While attending spring training on Catalina Island, California, with the Chicago Cubs, Ronald Reagan, 26, took a screen test today in Hollywood that led to a seven-year contract with Warner Bros.
Continue reading Ronald Reagan takes a screen test in Hollywood 80 years ago #OnThisDay #OTD (Mar 15 1937)