World War II
Video: 'Schindler's List' trailer
(Tuesday, November 30, 1993) — Schindler’s List, an epic drama film about of Oskar Schindler, a German businessman who saved the lives of more than a thousand mostly Polish-Jewish refugees during the Holocaust by employing them in his factories, premiered today at a private showing in Washington, D.C. (it would open in U.S. theaters on Dec. 15, 1993). Read more on ‘Schindler’s List’ premieres in Washington, D.C. 20 years ago today (1993)…
Video: 'Rohna Film Preview'
(Friday, November 26, 1943; during World War II) — the HMT Rohna, a British transport ship carrying American soldiers, was hit by a German missile and sank in the Mediterranean north of Béjaïa, Algeria. 1,138 men were killed, including 1,015 Americans, constituting the largest loss of U.S. troops at sea in a single incident.
Video: 'Cairo and Teheran Conference 1943' (leaders pose in Cairo at 4:45)
(Thursday, November 25, 1943; during World War II) — Participants of the Cairo Conference, underway since Nov. 22, 1943, at a residence of the American Ambassador to Egypt, Alexander Kirk, near the Pyramids, posed today for journalists. Read more on Cairo Conference participants discuss fate of Asia, pose for cameras 70 years ago today (1943)…
Video: 'The World At War: Pacific 1/5' (Nov. 23, 1943, at 6:11)
(Tuesday, November 23, 1943, 1:30 p.m. GILT; during the Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) part of the Pacific War during World War II) — The Tarawa and Makin atolls fell to American forces today, concluding the Battle of Tarawa. Nearly 6,400 Japanese, Koreans, and Americans died in four days of fighting, mostly on and around the small island of Betio.
Video: 'The World At War: Pacific 1/5' (Nov. 20, 1943, at 3:46)
(Saturday, November 20, 1943, 9:00 a.m. GILT; during the Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) part of the Pacific War during World War II) — U.S. Marines today launched the Battle of Tarawa, the first American offensive in the critical central Pacific region, landing on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands. The Marines suffered heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
Video: 'The World At War: Red Star The Soviet Union 5/5' (Nov. 6, 1943, at 8:38)
(Saturday, November 6, 1943; during the Second Battle of Kiev on the Eastern Front of World War II) – Soviet forces, under the command of Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin, today captured Kiev, the Soviet Union’s third largest city. Only 6,000 Axis prisoners were taken as most of the German forces had successfully withdrawn.
Video: 'The World At War: Whirlwind Bombing Germany 4/5' (Second Raid on Schweinfurt, Oct. 14, 1943, at 9:30)
(Thursday, October 14, 1943; during the Operation Pointblank, part of the European Theater of World War II) – The second Schweinfurt raid took place over Germany today between forces of the United States 8th Air Force and German Luftwaffe’s fighter arm (Jagdwaffe). Read more on Second Raid on Schweinfurt results in German victory 70 years ago today (1943)…
Video: 'Holocaust Survivors Remember Sobibor Uprising Clips'
(Thursday, October 14, 1943; during the The Holocaust and World War II) – Members of the Sobibór underground, led by Polish-Jewish prisoner Leon Feldhendler and Soviet-Jewish POW Alexander Pechersky, succeeded in covertly killing eleven German SS officers and a number of guards today at the Nazi German extermination camp in occupied Poland. Read more on 300 prisoners escape in Sobibor revolt 70 years ago today (1943)…
Video: 'The World At War: It's A Lovely Day Tomorrow Burma 3/5' (Oct. 7, 1943, at 3:15)
(Thursday, October 7, 1943; during the Burma Campaign, part of the Pacific War during World War II) — Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, former leader of Britain’s Commandos, arrived in New Delhi, India, today to take over his new post as Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia Command (SEAC). His mission was to end the stalemate and knock out the Japanese.
Video: 'Battlefield S2/E4 - The Battle for Italy' (Oct. 1, 1943, at 1:24:57)
(Friday, October 1, 1943, 9:30 a.m. local time; during the Italian Campaign of World War II) – “A” Squadron of the 1st King’s Dragoon Guards, a cavalry regiment in the British Army, entered Naples, Italy, today. German troops occupying Naples provoked a rebellion, known by the population (known as Four days of Naples) starting on Sept. 27, 1943, and had to evacuate. Read more on Allied tanks enter Naples, Italy 70 years ago this hour (1943)…