Video: 'The Duel at Dawn, 1804 (Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr)'
(Wednesday, July 11, 1804, shortly after 7 a.m. local time) — U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounded former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton during a pistol duel this morning in Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton was carried to the home of William Bayard on the Manhattan shore, where he died at 2:00 p.m. the next day.
(Thursday, February 16, 1804, evening) — Lt. Stephen Decatur led a successful raid into Tripoli Harbor, the principal sea port in Tripoli, the capital of Libya, to burn the U.S. Navy frigate Philadelphia, which had fallen into the hands of pirates during the First Barbary War.
(Saturday, April 30, 1803) — On the authorization of President Thomas Jefferson, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France today for 60 million francs, the equivalent of about $15 million, by signing the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris. The move doubled the size of the U.S., adding 828,000 square miles to American territory.
(Saturday, May 22, 1802) — Martha Dandridge Custis Washington, the first First Lady of the United States from 1789 to 1797 as the wife of President George Washington, died today in Mount Vernon, Virginia. She died 11 days before her 71st birthday.